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Treaty on European Union (TEU)
Article 1

Article 1 — (ex Article 1 TEU)(2)

By this Treaty, the HIGH CONTRACTING PARTIES establish among themselves a EUROPEAN UNION, hereinafter called the Union, on which the Member States confer competences to attain objectives they have in common.

This Treaty marks a new stage in the process of creating an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe, in which decisions are taken as openly as possible and as closely as possible to the citizen.

The Union shall be founded on the present Treaty and on the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (hereinafter referred to as the Treaties). Those two Treaties shall have the same legal value. The Union shall replace and succeed the European Community.