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On a framework for the issuance, verification and acceptance of interoperable COVID-19 vaccination, test and recovery certificates (EU Digital COVID Certificate) to facilitate free movement during the COVID-19 pandemic (Text with EEA relevance)
Article 2

Article 2 — Definitions

For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions apply:

  1. holder means a person to whom an interoperable certificate containing information about that person’s COVID-19 vaccination, test result or recovery has been issued in accordance with this Regulation;
  2. EU Digital COVID Certificate means interoperable certificates containing information about the vaccination, test result or recovery of the holder issued in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic;
  3. COVID-19 vaccine means an immunological medicinal product indicated for active immunisation to prevent COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2;
  4. NAAT test means a molecular nucleic acid amplification test, such as reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and transcription-mediated amplification (TMA) techniques, used to detect the presence of the SARS-CoV-2 ribonucleic acid (RNA);
  5. rapid antigen test means a test that relies on detection of viral proteins (antigens) using a lateral flow immunoassay that gives results in less than 30 minutes;
  6. antibody test means a laboratory-based test aiming to detect if a person has developed antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, thus indicating that the holder has been exposed to SARS-CoV-2 and has developed antibodies, regardless of whether that person was symptomatic;
  7. interoperability means the capability of verifying systems in a Member State to use data encoded by another Member State;
  8. barcode means a method of storing and representing data in a visual, machine-readable format;
  9. electronic seal means electronic seal as defined in point (25) of Article 3 of Regulation (EU) No 910/2014;
  10. unique certificate identifier means a unique identifier given, in accordance with a common structure, to each certificate issued in accordance with this Regulation;
  11. trust framework means the rules, policies, specifications, protocols, data formats and digital infrastructure regulating and allowing for the reliable and secure issuance and verification of certificates to ensure their trustworthiness by confirming their authenticity, validity and integrity, through the use of electronic seals.