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Schengen Borders
Article 2

Article 2 — Definitions

For the purposes of this Regulation the following definitions apply:

  1. internal borders means:
    1. the common land borders, including river and lake borders, of the Member States;
    2. the airports of the Member States for internal flights;
    3. sea, river and lake ports of the Member States for regular internal ferry connections;
  2. external borders means the Member States’ land borders, including river and lake borders, sea borders and their airports, river ports, sea ports and lake ports, provided that they are not internal borders;
  3. internal flight means any flight exclusively to or from the territories of the Member States and not landing in the territory of a third country;
  4. regular internal ferry connection means any ferry connection between the same two or more ports situated on the territory of the Member States, not calling at any ports situated outside the territory of the Member States, and consisting of the transport of passengers and vehicles according to a published timetable;
  5. persons enjoying the right of free movement under Union law means:
    1. Union citizens within the meaning of Article 20(1) TFEU, and third-country nationals who are members of the family of a Union citizen exercising his or her right to free movement to whom Directive 2004/38/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council(1) applies;
    2. third-country nationals and their family members, whatever their nationality, who, under agreements between the Union and its Member States, on the one hand, and those third countries, on the other hand, enjoy rights of free movement equivalent to those of Union citizens;
  6. third-country national means any person who is not a Union citizen within the meaning of Article 20(1) TFEU and who is not covered by point 5 of this Article;
  7. persons for whom an alert has been issued for the purposes of refusing entry means any third-country national for whom an alert has been issued in the Schengen Information System (SIS) in accordance with and for the purposes laid down in Articles 24 and 26 of Regulation (EC) No 1987/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council(2);
  8. border crossing point means any crossing-point authorised by the competent authorities for the crossing of external borders;
  9. shared border crossing point means any border crossing point situated either on the territory of a Member State or on the territory of a third country, at which Member State border guards and third-country border guards carry out exit and entry checks one after another in accordance with their national law and pursuant to a bilateral agreement;
  10. border control means the activity carried out at a border, in accordance with and for the purposes of this Regulation, in response exclusively to an intention to cross or the act of crossing that border, regardless of any other consideration, consisting of border checks and border surveillance;
  11. border checks means the checks carried out at border crossing points, to ensure that persons, including their means of transport and the objects in their possession, may be authorised to enter the territory of the Member States or authorised to leave it;
  12. border surveillance means the surveillance of borders between border crossing points and the surveillance of border crossing points outside the fixed opening hours, in order to prevent persons from circumventing border checks;
  13. second line check means a further check which may be carried out in a special location away from the location at which all persons are checked (first line);
  14. border guard means any public official assigned, in accordance with national law, to a border crossing point or along the border or the immediate vicinity of that border who carries out, in accordance with this Regulation and national law, border control tasks;
  15. carrier means any natural or legal person whose profession it is to provide transport of persons;
  16. residence permit means:
    1. all residence permits issued by the Member States according to the uniform format laid down by Council Regulation (EC) No 1030/2002(3) and residence cards issued in accordance with Directive 2004/38/EC;
    2. all other documents issued by a Member State to third-country nationals authorising a stay on its territory that have been the subject of a notification and subsequent publication in accordance with Article 39, with the exception of:
      1. temporary permits issued pending examination of a first application for a residence permit as referred to in point (a) or an application for asylum; and
      2. visas issued by the Member States in the uniform format laid down by Council Regulation (EC) No 1683/95(4);
  17. cruise ship means a ship which follows a given itinerary in accordance with a predetermined programme, which includes a programme of tourist activities in the various ports, and which normally neither takes passengers on nor allows passengers to disembark during the voyage;
  18. pleasure boating means the use of pleasure boats for sporting or tourism purposes;
  19. coastal fisheries means fishing carried out with the aid of vessels which return every day or within 36 hours to a port situated in the territory of a Member State without calling at a port situated in a third country;
  20. offshore worker means a person working on an offshore installation located in the territorial waters or in an area of exclusive maritime economic exploitation of the Member States, as defined under the international law of the sea, and who returns regularly by sea or air to the territory of the Member States;
  21. threat to public health means any disease with epidemic potential as defined by the International Health Regulations of the World Health Organization and other infectious diseases or contagious parasitic diseases if they are the subject of protection provisions applying to nationals of the Member States.