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Insurance Distribution Directive (IID)
Article 2

Article 2 — Definitions

  1. For the purposes of this Directive:
    1. insurance distribution means the activities of advising on, proposing, or carrying out other work preparatory to the conclusion of contracts of insurance, of concluding such contracts, or of assisting in the administration and performance of such contracts, in particular in the event of a claim, including the provision of information concerning one or more insurance contracts in accordance with criteria selected by customers through a website or other media and the compilation of an insurance product ranking list, including price and product comparison, or a discount on the price of an insurance contract, when the customer is able to directly or indirectly conclude an insurance contract using a website or other media;
    2. reinsurance distribution means the activities of advising on, proposing, or carrying out other work preparatory to the conclusion of contracts of reinsurance, of concluding such contracts, or of assisting in the administration and performance of such contracts, in particular in the event of a claim, including when carried out by a reinsurance undertaking without the intervention of a reinsurance intermediary;
    3. insurance intermediary means any natural or legal person, other than an insurance or reinsurance undertaking or their employees and other than an ancillary insurance intermediary, who, for remuneration, takes up or pursues the activity of insurance distribution;
    4. ancillary insurance intermediary means any natural or legal person, other than a credit institution or an investment firm as defined in points (1) and (2) of Article 4(1) of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council(1), who, for remuneration, takes up or pursues the activity of insurance distribution on an ancillary basis, provided that all the following conditions are met:
      1. the principal professional activity of that natural or legal person is other than insurance distribution;
      2. the natural or legal person only distributes certain insurance products that are complementary to a good or service;
      3. the insurance products concerned do not cover life assurance or liability risks, unless that cover complements the good or service which the intermediary provides as its principal professional activity;
    5. reinsurance intermediary means any natural or legal person, other than a reinsurance undertaking or its employees, who, for remuneration, takes up or pursues the activity of reinsurance distribution;
    6. insurance undertaking means an undertaking as defined in Article 13 point 1 of Directive 2009/138/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council(2);
    7. reinsurance undertaking means a reinsurance undertaking as defined in Article 13 point 4 of Directive 2009/138/EC;
    8. insurance distributor means any insurance intermediary, ancillary insurance intermediary or insurance undertaking;
    9. remuneration means any commission, fee, charge or other payment, including an economic benefit of any kind or any other financial or non-financial advantage or incentive offered or given in respect of insurance distribution activities;
    10. home Member State means:
      1. where the intermediary is a natural person, the Member State in which his or her residence is situated;
      2. where the intermediary is a legal person, the Member State in which its registered office is situated or, if under its national law it has no registered office, the Member State in which its head office is situated;
    11. host Member State means the Member State in which an insurance or reinsurance intermediary has a permanent presence or establishment or provides services, and which is not its home Member State;
    12. branch means an agency or a branch of an intermediary which is located in the territory of a Member State other than the home Member State;
    13. close links means close links as defined in Article 13 point 17 of Directive 2009/138/EC;
    14. primary place of business means the location from where the main business is managed;
    15. advice means the provision of a personal recommendation to a customer, either upon their request or at the initiative of the insurance distributor, in respect of one or more insurance contracts;
    16. large risks means large risks as defined in Article 13 point 27 of Directive 2009/138/EC;
    17. insurance-based investment product means an insurance product which offers a maturity or surrender value and where that maturity or surrender value is wholly or partially exposed, directly or indirectly, to market fluctuations, and does not include:
      1. non-life insurance products as listed in Annex I to Directive 2009/138/EC (Classes of non-life insurance);
      2. life insurance contracts where the benefits under the contract are payable only on death or in respect of incapacity due to injury, sickness or disability;
      3. pension products which, under national law, are recognised as having the primary purpose of providing the investor with an income in retirement, and which entitle the investor to certain benefits;
      4. officially recognised occupational pension schemes falling under the scope of Directive 2003/41/EC or Directive 2009/138/EC;
      5. individual pension products for which a financial contribution from the employer is required by national law and where the employer or the employee has no choice as to the pension product or provider;
    18. durable medium means any instrument which:
      1. enables a customer to store information addressed personally to that customer in a way accessible for future reference and for a period of time adequate for the purposes of the information; and
      2. allows the unchanged reproduction of the information stored.
  2. For the purposes of points (1) and (2) of paragraph 1, the following shall not be considered to constitute insurance distribution or reinsurance distribution:
    1. the provision of information on an incidental basis in the context of another professional activity where:
      1. the provider does not take any additional steps to assist in concluding or performing an insurance contract;
      2. the purpose of that activity is not to assist the customer in concluding or performing a reinsurance contract;
    2. the management of claims of an insurance undertaking or of a reinsurance undertaking on a professional basis, and loss adjusting and expert appraisal of claims;
    3. the mere provision of data and information on potential policyholders to insurance intermediaries, reinsurance intermediaries, insurance undertakings or reinsurance undertakings where the provider does not take any additional steps to assist in the conclusion of an insurance or reinsurance contract;
    4. the mere provision of information about insurance or reinsurance products, an insurance intermediary, a reinsurance intermediary, an insurance undertaking or a reinsurance undertaking to potential policyholders where the provider does not take any additional steps to assist in the conclusion of an insurance or reinsurance contract.