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Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR)
Article 520

Article 520 — Amendment of Regulation (EU) No 648/2012

Regulation (EU) No 648/2012 is amended as follows:

  1. the following Chapter is added in Title IV:

    CHAPTER 4

    Calculations and reporting for the purposes of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013

    Article 50a

    Calculation of KCCP

    1. For the purposes of Article 308 of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on prudential requirements for credit institutions and investment firms(1), a CCP shall calculate KCCP as specified in paragraph 2 of this Article for all contracts and transactions it clears for all its clearing members falling within the coverage of the given default fund.
    2. A CCP shall calculate the hypothetical capital (KCCP) as follows:
      $${K _{\mathrm{CCP}}} = {\sum \max \{\mathrm{EBRM} _{i} - \mathrm{IM} _{i} - \mathrm{DF} _{i} ; 0\} \cdot \mathrm{RW} \cdot \text{captial ratio}}$$

      where:

      All values in the formula in the first subparagraph shall relate to the valuation at the end of the day before the margin called on the final margin call of that day is exchanged.

    3. A CCP shall undertake the calculation required by paragraph 2 at least quarterly or more frequently where required by the competent authorities of those of its clearing members which are institutions.
    4. For the purpose of paragraph 3, EBA shall develop draft implementing technical standards to specify the following:
      1. the frequency and dates of the calculation laid down in paragraph 2;
      2. the situations in which the competent authority of an institution acting as a clearing member may require higher frequencies of calculation and reporting than those referred to in point (a).

      EBA shall submit those draft implementing technical standards to the Commission by 1 January 2014.

      Power is conferred on the Commission to adopt the implementing technical standards referred to in the first subparagraph in accordance with Article 15 of Regulation (EU) No 1093/2010.

    Article 50b

    General rules for the calculation of KCCP

    For the purposes of the calculation laid down in Article 50a(2), the following shall apply:

    1. a CCP shall calculate the value of the exposures it has to its clearing members as follows:
      1. for exposures arising from contracts and transactions listed in Article 301(1)(a) and (d) of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 it shall calculate them in accordance with the mark-to-market method laid down in Article 274 thereof;
      2. for exposures arising from contracts and transactions listed in Article 301(1)(b), (c) and (e) of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 it shall calculate them in accordance with the Financial Collateral Comprehensive Method specified in Article 223 of that Regulation with supervisory volatility adjustments, specified in Articles 223 and 224 of that Regulation. The exception set out in point (a) of Article 285(3) of that Regulation, shall not apply;
      3. for exposures arising from transactions not listed in Article 301(1) of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 and which entails settlement risk only it shall calculate them in accordance with Part Three, Title V of that Regulation;
    2. for institutions that fall under the scope of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 the netting sets are the same as those defined in Part Three, Title II of that Regulation;
    3. when calculating the values referred to in point (a), the CCP shall subtract from its exposures the collateral posted by its clearing members, appropriately reduced by the supervisory volatility adjustments in accordance with the Financial Collateral Comprehensive Method specified in Article 224 of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013;
    4. where a CCP has exposures to one or more CCPs it shall treat any such exposures as if they were exposures to clearing members and include any margin or pre-funded contributions received from those CCPs in the calculation of KCCP;
    5. where a CCP has in place a binding contractual arrangement with its clearing members that allows it to use all or part of the initial margin received from its clearing members as if they were pre-funded contributions, the CCP shall consider that initial margin as prefunded contributions for the purposes of the calculation in paragraph 1 and not as initial margin;
    6. when applying the Mark-to-Market Method as set out in Article 274 of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013, a CCP shall replace the formula in point (c)(ii) of Article 298(1) of that Regulation with the following:

      $${\mathrm{PCE} _{\mathrm{red}}} = {{0.15 \cdot \mathrm{PCE} _{\mathrm{gross}}} + {0.85 \cdot \mathrm{NGR} \cdot \mathrm{PCE} _{\mathrm{gross}}}}$$

      where the numerator of NGR is calculated in accordance with Article 274(1) of that Regulation and just before the variation margin is actually exchanged at the end of the settlement period, and the denominator is gross replacement cost;

    7. where a CCP cannot calculate the value of NGR as set out in point (c)(ii) of Article 298(1) of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013, it shall:
      1. notify those of its clearing members which are institutions and their competent authorities about its inability to calculate NGR and the reasons why it is unable to carry out the calculation;
      2. for a period of three months, it may use a value of NGR of 0,3 to perform the calculation of PCEred specified in point (h) of this Article;
    8. where, at the end of the period specified in point (ii) of point (i), the CCP would still be unable to calculate the value of NGR, it shall do the following:
      1. stop calculating KCCP;
      2. notify those of its clearing members which are institutions and their competent authorities that it has stopped calculating KCCP;
    9. for the purpose of calculating the potential future exposure for options and swaptions in accordance with the Mark-to-Market Method specified in Article 274 of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013, a CCP shall multiply the notional amount of the contract by the absolute value of the option's delta\((\delta V / \delta p)\)as set out in point (a) of Article 280(1) of that Regulation;
    10. where a CCP has more than one default fund, it shall carry out the calculation laid down in Article 50a(2) for each default fund separately.

    Article 50c

    Reporting of information

    1. For the purposes of Article 308 of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013, a CCP shall report the following information to those of its clearing members which are institutions and to their competent authorities:
      1. the hypothetical capital (KCCP);
      2. the sum of pre-funded contributions (DFCM);
      3. the amount of its pre-funded financial resources that it is required to use — by law or due to a contractual agreement with its clearing members — to cover its losses following the default of one or more of its clearing members before using the default fund contributions of the remaining clearing members (DFCCP);
      4. the total number of its clearing members (N);
      5. the concentration factor (β), as set out in Article 50d.

      Where the CCP has more than one default fund, it shall report the information in the first subparagraph for each default fund separately.

    2. The CCP shall notify those of its clearing members which are institutions at least quarterly or more frequently where required by the competent authorities of those clearing members.
    3. EBA shall develop draft implementing technical standards to specify the following:
      1. the uniform template for the purpose of the reporting specified in paragraph 1;
      2. the frequency and dates of the reporting specified in paragraph 2;
      3. the situations in which the competent authority of an institution acting as a clearing member may require higher frequencies of reporting than those referred to in point (b).

      EBA shall submit those draft implementing technical standards to the Commission by 1 January 2014.

      Power is conferred on the Commission to adopt the implementing technical standards referred to in the first subparagraph in accordance with Article 15 of Regulation (EU) No 1093/2010.

    Article 50d

    Calculation of specific items to be reported by the CCP

    For the purposes of Article 50c, the following shall apply:

    1. where the rules of a CCP provide that it use part or all of its financial resources in parallel to the pre-funded contributions of its clearing members in a manner that makes those resources equivalent to pre-funded contributions of a clearing member in terms of how they absorb the losses incurred by the CCP in the case of the default or insolvency of one or more of its clearing members, the CCP shall add the corresponding amount of those resources to DFCM;
    2. where the rules of a CCP provide that it use part or all of its financial resources to cover its losses due to the default of one or more of its clearing members after it has depleted its default fund, but before it calls on the contractually committed contributions of its clearing members, the CCP shall add the corresponding amount of those additional financial resources \((\mathrm{DF} _{\mathrm{CCP}} ^{a})\)to the total amount of pre-funded contributions (DF) as follows:

      \({\mathrm{DF}} = {\mathrm{DF} _{\mathrm{CCP}} + \mathrm{DF} _{\mathrm{CM}} + {\mathrm{DF} _{\mathrm{CCP}} ^{a}}}\).

    3. a CCP shall calculate the concentration factor (β) in accordance with the following formula:

      $${\beta} = {\frac{\mathrm{PCE} _{red,1} + \mathrm{PCE} _{red,2}}{\sum \mathrm{PCE} _{red,i}}}$$

      where:

      • PCEred,i = the reduced figure for potential future credit exposure for all contracts and transaction of a CCP with clearing member i;
      • PCEred,1 = the reduced figure for potential future credit exposure for all contracts and transaction of a CCP with the clearing member that has the largest PCEred value;
      • PCEred,2 = the reduced figure for potential future credit exposure for all contracts and transaction of a CCP with the clearing member that has the second largest PCEred value.
  2. in Article 11(15), point (b) is deleted;
  3. in Article 89, the following paragraph is inserted:

    1. Until 15 months after the date of entry into force of the latest of the regulatory technical standards referred to in Articles 16, 25, 26, 29, 34, 41, 42, 44, 45, 47 and 49, or until a decision is made under Article 14 on the authorisation of the CCP, whichever is earlier, that CCP shall apply the treatment specified in the third subparagraph of this paragraph.

      Until 15 months after the date of entry into force of the latest of the regulatory technical standards referred to in Articles 16, 26, 29, 34, 41, 42, 44, 45, 47 and 49, or until a decision is made under Article 25 on the recognition of the CCP, whichever is earlier, that CCP shall apply the treatment specified in the third subparagraph of this paragraph.

      Until the deadlines defined in the first two subparagraphs of this paragraph, and subject to the fourth subparagraph of this paragraph, where a CCP neither has a default fund nor has in place a binding arrangement with its clearing members that allows it to use all or part of the initial margin received from its clearing members as if they were pre-funded contributions, the information it is to report in accordance with Article 50c(1) shall include the total amount of initial margin it has received from its clearing members.

      The deadlines referred to in the first and second subparagraphs of this paragraph may be extended by six months in accordance with a Commission implementing act adopted pursuant to Article 497(3) of Regulation (EU) No 575/2013. .