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Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR)
Article 242

Article 242 — Definitions

For the purposes of this Chapter, the following definitions apply:

  1. clean-up call option means a contractual option that entitles the originator to call the securitisation positions before all of the securitised exposures have been repaid, either by repurchasing the underlying exposures remaining in the pool in the case of traditional securitisations or by terminating the credit protection in the case of synthetic securitisations, in both cases when the amount of outstanding underlying exposures falls to or below certain pre-specified level;
  2. credit-enhancing interest-only strip means an on-balance sheet asset that represents a valuation of cash flows related to future margin income and is a subordinated tranche in the securitisation;
  3. liquidity facility means a liquidity facility as defined in point (14) of Article 2 of Regulation (EU) 2017/2402;
  4. unrated position means a securitisation position which does not have an eligible credit assessment in accordance with Section 4;
  5. rated position means a securitisation position which has an eligible credit assessment in accordance with Section 4;
  6. senior securitisation position means a position backed or secured by a first claim on the whole of the underlying exposures, disregarding for these purposes amounts due under interest rate or currency derivative contracts, fees or other similar payments, and irrespective of any difference in maturity with one or more other senior tranches with which that position shares losses on a pro-rata basis;
  7. IRB pool means a pool of underlying exposures of a type in relation to which the institution has permission to use the IRB Approach and is able to calculate risk- weighted exposure amounts in accordance with Chapter 3 for all of these exposures;
  8. mixed pool means a pool of underlying exposures of a type in relation to which the institution has permission to use the IRB Approach and is able to calculate risk- weighted exposure amounts in accordance with Chapter 3 for some, but not all, of the exposures;
  9. overcollateralisation means any form of credit enhancement by virtue of which underlying exposures are posted in value which is higher than the value of the securitisation positions;
  10. simple, transparent and standardised securitisation or STS securitisation means a securitisation that meets the requirements set out in Article 18 of Regulation (EU) 2017/2402;
  11. asset-backed commercial paper programme or ABCP programme means an asset backed commercial paper programme or ABCP programme as defined in point (7) of Article 2 of Regulation (EU) 2017/2402;
  12. asset-backed commercial paper transaction or ABCP transaction means an asset-backed commercial paper transaction or ABCP transaction as defined in point (8) of Article 2 of Regulation (EU) 2017/2402;
  13. traditional securitisation means a traditional securitisation as defined in point (9) of Article 2 of Regulation (EU) 2017/2402;
  14. synthetic securitisation means a synthetic securitisation as defined in point (10) of Article 2 of Regulation (EU) 2017/2402;
  15. revolving exposure means a revolving exposure as defined in point (15) of Article 2 of Regulation (EU) 2017/2402;
  16. early amortisation provision means an early amortisation provision as defined in point (17) of Article 2 of Regulation (EU) 2017/2402;
  17. first loss tranche means a first loss tranche as defined in point (18) of Article 2 of Regulation (EU) 2017/2402;
  18. mezzanine securitisation position means a position in the securitisation which is subordinated to the senior securitisation position and more senior than the first loss tranche, and which is subject to a risk weight lower than 1250 % and higher than 25 % in accordance with Subsections 2 and 3 of Section 3;
  19. promotional entity means any undertaking or entity established by a Member State’s central, regional or local government, which grants promotional loans or grants promotional guarantees, whose primary goal is not to make profit or maximise market share but to promote that government’s public policy objectives, provided that, subject to State aid rules, that government has an obligation to protect the economic basis of the undertaking or entity and maintain its viability throughout its lifetime, or that at least 90 % of its original capital or funding or the promotional loan it grants is directly or indirectly guaranteed by the Member State’s central, regional or local government.