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Asylum Procedures Directive
Article 2

Article 2 — Definitions

For the purposes of this Directive:

  1. Geneva Convention means the Convention of 28 July 1951 Relating to the Status of Refugees, as amended by the New York Protocol of 31 January 1967;
  2. application for international protection or application means a request made by a third- country national or a stateless person for protection from a Member State, who can be understood to seek refugee status or subsidiary protection status, and who does not explicitly request another kind of protection outside the scope of Directive 2011/95/EU, that can be applied for separately;
  3. applicant means a third-country national or stateless person who has made an application for international protection in respect of which a final decision has not yet been taken;
  4. applicant in need of special procedural guarantees means an applicant whose ability to benefit from the rights and comply with the obligations provided for in this Directive is limited due to individual circumstances;
  5. final decision means a decision on whether the third-country national or stateless person be granted refugee or subsidiary protection status by virtue of Directive 2011/95/EU and which is no longer subject to a remedy within the framework of Chapter V of this Directive, irrespective of whether such remedy has the effect of allowing applicants to remain in the Member States concerned pending its outcome;
  6. determining authority means any quasi-judicial or administrative body in a Member State responsible for examining applications for international protection competent to take decisions at first instance in such cases;
  7. refugee means a third-country national or a stateless person who fulfils the requirements of Article 2(d) of Directive 2011/95/EU;
  8. person eligible for subsidiary protection means a third-country national or a stateless person who fulfils the requirements of Article 2(f) of Directive 2011/95/EU;
  9. international protection means refugee status and subsidiary protection status as defined in points (j) and (k);
  10. refugee status means the recognition by a Member State of a third-country national or a stateless person as a refugee;
  11. subsidiary protection status means the recognition by a Member State of a third-country national or a stateless person as a person eligible for subsidiary protection;
  12. minor means a third-country national or a stateless person below the age of 18 years;
  13. unaccompanied minor means an unaccompanied minor as defined in Article 2(l) of Directive 2011/95/EU;
  14. representative means a person or an organisation appointed by the competent bodies in order to assist and represent an unaccompanied minor in procedures provided for in this Directive with a view to ensuring the best interests of the child and exercising legal capacity for the minor where necessary. Where an organisation is appointed as a representative, it shall designate a person responsible for carrying out the duties of representative in respect of the unaccompanied minor, in accordance with this Directive;
  15. withdrawal of international protection means the decision by a competent authority to revoke, end or refuse to renew the refugee or subsidiary protection status of a person in accordance with Directive 2011/95/EU;
  16. remain in the Member State means to remain in the territory, including at the border or in transit zones, of the Member State in which the application for international protection has been made or is being examined;
  17. subsequent application means a further application for international protection made after a final decision has been taken on a previous application, including cases where the applicant has explicitly withdrawn his or her application and cases where the determining authority has rejected an application following its implicit withdrawal in accordance with Article 28(1).