For the purposes of this Regulation:
- judgment means any judgment given by a court or tribunal of a Member State, whatever the judgment may be called, including a decree, order, decision or writ of execution, as well as a decision on the determination of costs or expenses by an officer of the court.
For the purposes of Chapter III, judgment includes provisional, including protective, measures ordered by a court or tribunal which by virtue of this Regulation has jurisdiction as to the substance of the matter. It does not include a provisional, including protective, measure which is ordered by such a court or tribunal without the defendant being summoned to appear, unless the judgment containing the measure is served on the defendant prior to enforcement;
- court settlement means a settlement which has been approved by a court of a Member State or concluded before a court of a Member State in the course of proceedings;
- authentic instrument means a document which has been formally drawn up or registered as an authentic instrument in the Member State of origin and the authenticity of which:
- relates to the signature and the content of the instrument; and
- has been established by a public authority or other authority empowered for that purpose;
- Member State of origin means the Member State in which, as the case may be, the judgment has been given, the court settlement has been approved or concluded, or the authentic instrument has been formally drawn up or registered;
- Member State addressed means the Member State in which the recognition of the judgment is invoked or in which the enforcement of the judgment, the court settlement or the authentic instrument is sought;
- court of origin means the court which has given the judgment the recognition of which is invoked or the enforcement of which is sought.