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Qualification Directive
Article 21

Article 21 — Protection from refoulement

  1. Member States shall respect the principle of non-refoulement in accordance with their international obligations.
  2. Where not prohibited by the international obligations mentioned in paragraph 1, Member States may refoule a refugee, whether formally recognised or not, when:
    1. there are reasonable grounds for considering him or her as a danger to the security of the Member State in which he or she is present; or
    2. he or she, having been convicted by a final judgment of a particularly serious crime, constitutes a danger to the community of that Member State.
  3. Member States may revoke, end or refuse to renew or to grant the residence permit of (or to) a refugee to whom paragraph 2 applies.