contents table Lexparency.org
Qualification Directive
Article 11

Article 11 — Cessation

  1. A third-country national or a stateless person shall cease to be a refugee if he or she:
    1. has voluntarily re-availed himself or herself of the protection of the country of nationality; or
    2. having lost his or her nationality, has voluntarily re-acquired it; or
    3. has acquired a new nationality, and enjoys the protection of the country of his or her new nationality; or
    4. has voluntarily re-established himself or herself in the country which he or she left or outside which he or she remained owing to fear of persecution; or
    5. can no longer, because the circumstances in connection with which he or she has been recognised as a refugee have ceased to exist, continue to refuse to avail himself or herself of the protection of the country of nationality; or
    6. being a stateless person, he or she is able, because the circumstances in connection with which he or she has been recognised as a refugee have ceased to exist, to return to the country of former habitual residence.
  2. In considering points (e) and (f) of paragraph 1, Member States shall have regard to whether the change of circumstances is of such a significant and non-temporary nature that the refugee’s fear of persecution can no longer be regarded as well-founded.
  3. Points (e) and (f) of paragraph 1 shall not apply to a refugee who is able to invoke compelling reasons arising out of previous persecution for refusing to avail himself or herself of the protection of the country of nationality or, being a stateless person, of the country of former habitual residence.