contents table Lexparency.org
Consumer Rights Directive
Article 2

Article 2 — Definitions

For the purpose of this Directive, the following definitions shall apply:

  1. consumer means any natural person who, in contracts covered by this Directive, is acting for purposes which are outside his trade, business, craft or profession;
  2. trader means any natural person or any legal person, irrespective of whether privately or publicly owned, who is acting, including through any other person acting in his name or on his behalf, for purposes relating to his trade, business, craft or profession in relation to contracts covered by this Directive;
  3. goods means any tangible movable items, with the exception of items sold by way of execution or otherwise by authority of law; water, gas and electricity shall be considered as goods within the meaning of this Directive where they are put up for sale in a limited volume or a set quantity;
  4. goods made to the consumer’s specifications means non-prefabricated goods made on the basis of an individual choice of or decision by the consumer;
  5. sales contract means any contract under which the trader transfers or undertakes to transfer the ownership of goods to the consumer and the consumer pays or undertakes to pay the price thereof, including any contract having as its object both goods and services;
  6. service contract means any contract other than a sales contract under which the trader supplies or undertakes to supply a service to the consumer and the consumer pays or undertakes to pay the price thereof;
  7. distance contract means any contract concluded between the trader and the consumer under an organised distance sales or service-provision scheme without the simultaneous physical presence of the trader and the consumer, with the exclusive use of one or more means of distance communication up to and including the time at which the contract is concluded;
  8. off-premises contract means any contract between the trader and the consumer:
    1. concluded in the simultaneous physical presence of the trader and the consumer, in a place which is not the business premises of the trader;
    2. for which an offer was made by the consumer in the same circumstances as referred to in point (a);
    3. concluded on the business premises of the trader or through any means of distance communication immediately after the consumer was personally and individually addressed in a place which is not the business premises of the trader in the simultaneous physical presence of the trader and the consumer; or
    4. concluded during an excursion organised by the trader with the aim or effect of promoting and selling goods or services to the consumer;
  9. business premises means:
    1. any immovable retail premises where the trader carries out his activity on a permanent basis; or
    2. any movable retail premises where the trader carries out his activity on a usual basis;
  10. durable medium means any instrument which enables the consumer or the trader to store information addressed personally to him in a way accessible for future reference for a period of time adequate for the purposes of the information and which allows the unchanged reproduction of the information stored;
  11. digital content means data which are produced and supplied in digital form;
  12. financial service means any service of a banking, credit, insurance, personal pension, investment or payment nature;
  13. public auction means a method of sale where goods or services are offered by the trader to consumers, who attend or are given the possibility to attend the auction in person, through a transparent, competitive bidding procedure run by an auctioneer and where the successful bidder is bound to purchase the goods or services;
  14. commercial guarantee means any undertaking by the trader or a producer (the guarantor) to the consumer, in addition to his legal obligation relating to the guarantee of conformity, to reimburse the price paid or to replace, repair or service goods in any way if they do not meet the specifications or any other requirements not related to conformity set out in the guarantee statement or in the relevant advertising available at the time of, or before the conclusion of the contract;
  15. ancillary contract means a contract by which the consumer acquires goods or services related to a distance contract or an off-premises contract and where those goods are supplied or those services are provided by the trader or by a third party on the basis of an arrangement between that third party and the trader.