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Health Claims
Article 2

Article 2 — Definitions

  1. For the purposes of this Regulation:
    1. the definitions of food, food business operator, placing on the market, and final consumer set out in Articles 2, 3(3), 3(8) and 3(18) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety(1) shall apply;
    2. the definition of food supplement set out in Directive 2002/46/EC shall apply;
    3. the definitions of nutrition labelling, protein, carbohydrate, sugars, fat, saturates, mono-unsaturates, poly-unsaturates, fibre set out in Directive 90/496/EEC shall apply;
    4. the definition of labelling set out in Article 1(3)(a) of Directive 2000/13/EC shall apply.
  2. The following definitions shall also apply:
    1. claim means any message or representation, which is not mandatory under Community or national legislation, including pictorial, graphic or symbolic representation, in any form, which states, suggests or implies that a food has particular characteristics;
    2. nutrient means protein, carbohydrate, fat, fibre, sodium, vitamins and minerals listed in the Annex to Directive 90/496/EEC, and substances which belong to or are components of one of those categories;
    3. other substance means a substance other than a nutrient that has a nutritional or physiological effect;
    4. nutrition claim means any claim which states, suggests or implies that a food has particular beneficial nutritional properties due to:
      1. the energy (calorific value) it
        1. provides;
        2. provides at a reduced or increased rate; or
        3. does not provide; and/or
      2. the nutrients or other substances it
        1. contains;
        2. contains in reduced or increased proportions; or
        3. does not contain;
    5. health claim means any claim that states, suggests or implies that a relationship exists between a food category, a food or one of its constituents and health;
    6. reduction of disease risk claim means any health claim that states, suggests or implies that the consumption of a food category, a food or one of its constituents significantly reduces a risk factor in the development of a human disease;
    7. Authority means the European Food Safety Authority established by Regulation (EC) No 178/2002.