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eCommerce Directive
Article 1

Article 1 — Objective and scope

  1. This Directive seeks to contribute to the proper functioning of the internal market by ensuring the free movement of information society services between the Member States.
  2. This Directive approximates, to the extent necessary for the achievement of the objective set out in paragraph 1, certain national provisions on information society services relating to the internal market, the establishment of service providers, commercial communications, electronic contracts, the liability of intermediaries, codes of conduct, out-of-court dispute settlements, court actions and cooperation between Member States.
  3. This Directive complements Community law applicable to information society services without prejudice to the level of protection for, in particular, public health and consumer interests, as established by Community acts and national legislation implementing them in so far as this does not restrict the freedom to provide information society services.
  4. This Directive does not establish additional rules on private international law nor does it deal with the jurisdiction of Courts.
  5. This Directive shall not apply to:
    1. the field of taxation;
    2. questions relating to information society services covered by Directives 95/46/EC and 97/66/EC;
    3. questions relating to agreements or practices governed by cartel law;
    4. the following activities of information society services:

      - the activities of notaries or equivalent professions to the extent that they involve a direct and specific connection with the exercise of public authority,

      - the representation of a client and defence of his interests before the courts,

      - gambling activities which involve wagering a stake with monetary value in games of chance, including lotteries and betting transactions.

  6. This Directive does not affect measures taken at Community or national level, in the respect of Community law, in order to promote cultural and linguistic diversity and to ensure the defence of pluralism.